Oriented Towards Job Seekers, LinkedIn is Rich Hunting Ground for Spies

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“Unlike Facebook’s friends-and-family focus, LinkedIn is oriented toward job seekers and headhunters, people who routinely fire out resumes, build vast webs of contacts and pitch projects to strangers. That connect-them-all approach helps fill the millions of job openings advertised on the site, but it also provides a rich hunting ground for spies. And that has Western intelligence agencies worried.”

In early April, we talked about the story of Kevin Mallory. He is a former CIA officer, he worked for Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and for the State Department and is a US Army Vet. He was also just convicted to 20 years in prison for selling information on top secret operations to the Chinese.

The Associated Press now reports Mallory’s case was a relationship that began “when a Chinese agent posing as a recruiter contacted him on LinkedIn.”

Katie Jones sure seemed plugged into Washington’s political scene. The 30-something redhead boasted a job at a top think tank and a who’s-who network of pundits and experts, from the centrist Brookings Institution to the right-wing Heritage Foundation. She was connected to a deputy assistant secretary of state, a senior aide to a senator and the economist Paul Winfree, who is being considered for a seat on the Federal Reserve.

But Katie Jones doesn’t exist, The Associated Press has determined. Instead, the persona was part of a vast army of phantom profiles lurking on the professional networking site LinkedIn. And several experts contacted by the AP said Jones’ profile picture appeared to have been created by a computer program.

“I’m convinced that it’s a fake face,” said Mario Klingemann, a German artist who has been experimenting for years with artificially generated portraits and says he has reviewed tens of thousands of such images. “It has all the hallmarks.”

AI generated face

Experts who reviewed the Jones profile’s LinkedIn activity say it’s typical of espionage efforts on the professional networking site, whose role as a global Rolodex has made it a powerful magnet for spies.

“It smells a lot like some sort of state-run operation,” said Jonas Parello-Plesner, who serves as program director at the Denmark-based think tank Alliance of Democracies Foundation and was the target several years ago of an espionage operation that began over LinkedIn.

William Evanina, director of the U.S. National Counterintelligence and Security Center, said foreign spies routinely use fake social media profiles to home in on American targets — and accused China in particular of waging “mass scale” spying on LinkedIn.

“Instead of dispatching spies to some parking garage in the U.S to recruit a target, it’s more efficient to sit behind a computer in Shanghai and send out friend requests to 30,000 targets,” he said in a written statement.

LinkedIn is aware of the problem and said in a statement that they “routinely took action against fake accounts, yanking thousands of them in the first three months of 2019,” adding that they “recommend you connect with people you know and trust, not just anyone.”

The Katie Jones profile contained a ‘modest’ scale with 52 connections, but the problem arises when “those connections had enough influence that they imbued the profile with credibility to some who accepted Jones’ invites.”

“The AP spoke to about 40 other people who connected with Jones between early March and early April of this year, many of whom said they routinely accept invitations from people they don’t recognize.”

As for the economist Paul Winfree who is being considered for a seat on the Federal Reserve?

““I’m probably the worst LinkedIn user in the history of LinkedIn,” said Winfree, the former deputy director of President Donald Trump’s domestic policy council, who confirmed connection with Jones on March 28.”

Winfree, whose name came up last month in relation to one of the vacancies on the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, said he rarely logs on to LinkedIn and tends to just approve all the piled-up invites when he does.

“I literally accept every friend request that I get,” he said.

Lionel Fatton, who teaches East Asian affairs at Webster University in Geneva, said the fact that he didn’t know Jones did prompt a brief pause when he connected with her back in March.

“I remember hesitating,” he said. “And then I thought, ‘What’s the harm?’”

“Parello-Plesner noted that the potential harm can be subtle: Connecting to a profile like Jones’ invites whoever is behind it to strike up a one-on-one conversation, and other users on the site can view the connection as a kind of endorsement.”

“You lower your guard and you get others to lower their guard.”

For full content and context, read:

Experts: Spy used AI-generated face to connect with targets; by Raphael Satter; Associated Press.

Foreign Meddling – China’s LinkedIn Honey Traps; by Jonas Parello-Plesner; The American Interest – While the headlines focus on Russian meddling on Twitter and Facebook, the Chinese have embraced LinkedIn as a tool for spying and influence operations.

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